Looking for the Top Mortgage Lender in New York City?
When you’re searching for your first home, you’re also searching for your first mortgage lender.
Now, it’s difficult to make specific recommendations on lenders because it’s way too tough to stay up to date on the many thousands of lenders who work in the New York State Area
However, USDALoanInfoNewYork can give you some very useful tips for how to approach your search for a lender.
When you’re looking for a mortgage lender you want start off by talking to a mortgage broker who has a good reputation in your area.
There are many institutions that loan money to home buyers. Commercial banks, private lenders, credit unions, mortgage bank companies, insurance companies and pension funds. It can get confusing as things are always changing in the mortgage industry.
Policies, interest rates, mortgage programs, where the funds come from, and investors are all changing and can affect where, from who, and the type of mortgage you will get to purchase the property you have chosen. Certain entities may offer you better rates depending on your credit history, debt, income, and expenses. It is a good idea to shop many different resources so you can get the best deal possible.
The mortgage market is comprised of a primary and secondary market. These two markets work together to give money to a borrower and offer returns on investments to investors.
The primary market occurs on the retail end, meaning a mortgage lender sells directly to the consumer. You may use the services of a broker or loan officer in order to have this transaction run smoothly. This is the place where mortgages are originated and the money is given directly to the borrower. In the primary market, mortgage lenders make there money on processing fees. There are often many fees associated with getting a mortgage that the buyer is responsible for.
Because there can be many fees as charged by the mortgage lender, it is important to know exactly where your money is being spent. You should ask for an itemized report for every fee. Unfortunately there dishonest mortgage lenders and they will make up charges and fees that really don't have any effort or actual action behind them. This is how some borrowers can get scammed, and often they may not even know it!
The secondary market manages mortgages that have already been originated in the primary market. What occurs here is the mortgage lenders package many mortgages together and sell the notes to investors. Mortgage lenders replenish their cash reserves that can be used towards the origination of more mortgages. The investors make money off of the interest that is charged on the mortgages.
There are both private and public investors that buy these notes. Public investors include Fannie Mae, Ginnie Mae and Fannie Mac that are all government supported. Private investors may include banks, thrift institutions and other individual private investors.
The mortgage lender really has a circular pattern, originating loans, selling them to investors and then using that money from the sales to issue more loans.
Many times, you do not even know that your mortgage is going to be sold into the secondary market. However, the mortgage lender should always notify you of this transaction if the mortgage is sold to someone else. If you have questions about this process, you can ask your mortgage lender as to what his or her process is.
So when you purchase a mortgage, then you are working in the primary market. The secondary market is for mortgages that have already been originated by the mortgage lender and they are being bought and sold as investments for either private or public investors. This mortgage process keeps money flowing through the industry and makes more money available to the public to continue property.
You should also, at the same time, talk to a regional lender, a credit union (if you belong to one or you can join one) and a small local bank.
Each of these different types of lenders will offer different loan programs at different prices.
You should also ask friends and relatives who they’ve used for their home loans and how the experience went.
But emphasis is on the experience.
I have a great friend who once asked her sister for a lender recommendation, and the sister gave her a name and my friend had this horrific experience.
And when she went back to her sister to see what kind of experience her sister had had with this person, the sister confirmed that she, too, had a horrific experience.
“Hello! Why did you give me that lender’s name?” my friend asked, and the sister said, “Well you weren’t specific that you wanted someone good.
Sounds like a Seinfeld episode, right? And yet, this kind of stuff goes on all the time.
So here are some questions you should ask the person providing the recommendation that will help separate the wheat from the chaff:
- Did the lender repeatedly ask for the same documents?
- Is the lender organized?
A good lender should enable you to close on a home within about forty-five days – unless there’s some real serious problems with the house – so make sure to ask your friends and relatives if their lenders were able to meet that standard.
It may sound obvious, but it’s a good idea to look for a lender who specializes in making residential loans and has a reputation in your area for coming through with these loans.
Banks that aren’t generally known for their mortgage lending can be tougher to work with than some of the really big lenders.
And while you may be thinking to yourself, “I want to avoid the big banks,” you’re probably going to end up with one anyway.
Even if you go with a mortgage broker, that mortgage broker may actually work with a whole bunch of big lenders to fund your loan.
Above all, you need to find a lender that helps you understand the mortgage application process in a way that makes you feel comfortable and secure.
This is a huge decision.
You’re going to finance this property for the long run, and you want to do that with the right kind of partner.
And I just want to give a shoutout to anybody who is closing around October of 2015.
If you are, please watch the videos that I’ve made on the TILA-RESPA changes that are coming your way.
Right now they’re scheduled to go into effect October 3rd of 2015.
If you are looking to close around that, either before or after, you may have to build in some extra time to make sure that you don’t get caught up in all the craziness that’s going to go on I think when TILA-RESPA actually goes into effect.
Unfortunately, yes. Wait a minute, did you say USDA? As in, United States Department of Agriculture? We've heard of USDA Prime Steaks, but USDA Sub-Prime Loans? What are you talking about?We're talking about a previously almost unknown and little-used program founded in 1949 to encourage the development and sales of homes in mostly rural parts of the country by, see if this sounds familiar, not requiring any down payment on the loan.Just like the "low-doc" and "no-doc" and "interest only" loans of the mid-2000s, over which we still have a major hangover and which have certainly contributed to the record number of foreclosures we're seeing, any loan which requires no down payment means nothing at risk for the borrower except the possibility of bankruptcy or having a foreclosure on their record, and lots of people don't know how bad those can be unless they've been through it.When the program was first founded it made a lot of sense, but even in the current market, where lots of plans to increase business by not requiring down payments has all but completely blown up in the past two years, this program was bound to be discovered and amplified in a way that was never intended, so that since we began the financial crisis which seems to be trying to end, the program has attracted interest way beyond what it ever had before. Through September of this year, we're looking at almost four times the number of USDA-guaranteed loans than were approved for all of 2007.What does all of this boil down to for us? DON'T DO IT! Yes, I know, if you live in an expensive part of the country it takes forever to save up a down payment. If you go bankrupt, it takes ten years before that's no longer on your record, too.That's all you need to know about USDA loans. Instead, decide right now to live within your means, which includes saving and investing 20% of your gross income in a combination of your 401K and other market investments, some of which might eventually be in real estate investments if they are appropriate for you. If your means aren't enough, please be patient. Good investing is a lot more like watching paint dry than winning at the roulette table. Too bad that doesn't make for a very good movie!